A survey on the amount of adherence to STARD and CONSORT standards in the abstracts of diagnostic accuracy studies and randomized controlled trials published in International Continence Society abstract book 2011
Purpose : To assess reporting quality of Randomized Controlled Trials (RCTs) and Diagnostic Accuracy Studies (DASs) published in International Continence Society (ICS) abstract book 2011.
Methods: Reports of RCTs and DASs published in ICS abstract book 2011 were identified. The proportion of adherence to each item in the Consolidated Standards of Reporting Trials (CONSORT) and STAndards for the Reporting of Diagnostic accuracy studies (STARD) checklists was evaluated for each article abstract by two independent reviewers masked to each other’s results giving one point to each item of the used checklists only if it was clearly defined in the abstract.
Results: Out of 287 articles, 67 articles matched our inclusion criteria (37 RCTs and 30 DASs). The mean scores were 10.70 and 15.03 out of 17 and 25 respectively. The highest scored items were items 5 and 15 (INTERVENTION and CONCLUSION) in the CONSORT group (both being reported in 97.3% of articles). In the STARD group, items 2, 3, and 25 (INTRODUCTION, PARTICIPANTS/POPULATION and DISCUSSION) were fully reported. The lowest scored items were item 2 (AUTHORS) in the consort group and item 11 (TEST METHODS/BLINDING) in the diagnostic accuracy group reported in 0% and 13.3% of articles respectively.
Conclusions: Our study revealed that the adherence level is moderate in both groups. In a high ranking society like ICS, we do believe that adopting these two tools would improve the reporting quality.
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