Accreditation Models of Mental Health Care: A Systematic Review
Purpose: To identify accreditation models in mental health and their effects on performance of health plans and health facilities.
Methods: We conducted a free search in Databases of PubMed , Scopus , EMBASE , PsycINFO and Google Scholar up to March 2014 ,searching for “mental health” and “accreditation” in keywords, titles , abstracts and all indexed fields . Inclusion criteria were English or Persian language of of the articles, and Presentig accreditation models in mental health (processes or effects). Exclusion criteria were manuals of accreditation ,guidelines of accreditation,revisions of standards and Interview with pioneers.
Results: Seven models of accreditation in mental health were determined. They were Peer or professional accreditation, The Memory Services National Accreditation Programme (MSNAP), Accreditation of acute in-patient mental health services (AIMS), Psychiatric Liaison Accreditation Network (PLAN), Electroconvulsive Therapy accreditation Service (ECTAS), psychiatric intensive care unit (AIMS-PICU), JCAHO Mental Health Care Network .All models used self-review and external peer review in collection of related data. Five accreditation models clearly focused on Continous Quality Improvement projects.
Conclusion: Upon results of this systematic review, it is concluded that there are various accreditation models in mental health care . there arent enough researches about accreditation impacts on community mental health . It is recommended that a study be conducted about accreditation effect on efficiency and effectiveness of health programs and mental health care.