Some Epidemiological Aspects of Pedestrian injuries in Road Traffic Injuries in the Imam Reza University Hospital, East Azerbaijan-Iran

saber ghaffari-fam, Shaker Salari-Lak, Homayoun Sadeghi-Bazargani, Amin Daemi

Abstract


Purpose: The objective of this study was to describe some epidemiological aspects of pedestrian injuries in road traffic injuries admitted to a referral trauma center.

Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted in the Imam Reza University Hospital during the years 2007-2012 based on hospital medical records. Totally, 1 322 pedestrians were included in the study, and the data were extracted from hospital medical records. Investigated variables in the study include: Demographic characteristics; Timing patterns; Injury site of the body according to ICD-10 codes; the length of hospitalization, number of admissions, admission ward and victim’s vital status after discharge from Hospital.

Results: The mean age of participants was 42.18 (SD= 23.69) years. Men comprised 74 percent of all injured pedestrians. Head Injuries were the majority of injury site of the body. Seventy three percent of the pedestrians were injured in collision with cars, pick-up trucks or vans. Reduction of fractures and dislocations was the most common clinical services given to the victims. The risk of death in the victims in the age group ≥ 60 was higher than other groups (P-value = 0.001).

Conclusion: The study showed that the head trauma is the most important and the major injury in collision with vehicles, therefore increasing facilities for injured pedestrians and management of RTIs such as emergency actions may be effective in reduction of RTI-related mortality.


Keywords


Pedestrian, Road Traffic Injuries (RTIs), Traffic Injury, Injury Epidemiology, Determinate, Mortality, Iran

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